Best places to visit in Mauritania 2024 | Tourist attraction centers

For your upcoming vacation, are you trying to choose a different and exciting place to go? Do you want to explore the vast and diverse landscapes of Africa, from the Sahara desert to the Atlantic coast?  If so, you might want to consider Mauritania, a country that offers a rich and varied cultural heritage, stunning natural wonders, and friendly people.

Mauritania is located in the western part of Africa, bordering Algeria, Mali, Senegal, and Morocco. It has a population of about 4.5 million people, most of whom are Muslims of Arab-Berber and black African origins. The country has a long and turbulent history, marked by colonialism, slavery, coups, and conflicts. However, it has also preserved its ancient traditions, such as the nomadic lifestyle, the camel caravan trade, and the Islamic learning centers.

In this article, we will introduce you to some of the best places to visit in Mauritania in 2024, when the country will celebrate its 64th anniversary of independence. We will show you the top tourist attractions centers, such as the historic towns of Chinguetti and Ouadane, the bustling capital of Nouakchott, and lot more.

Best places to visit in Mauritania 2024

Here are four of the best places to visit in Mauritania in 2024:

1. Chinguetti:

Best places to visit in Mauritania - Chinguetti

This ancient town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that dates back to the 13th century. It was once a center of Islamic learning and trade, and it still preserves many historic buildings, such as the old mosque and the library of manuscripts. Chinguetti is also a gateway to the Adrar region, where you can explore the sand dunes and oases of the Sahara.

2. Nouakchott:

Best places to visit in Mauritania - Nouakchott

The capital and largest city of Mauritania, Nouakchott is a bustling metropolis that contrasts with the desert landscape. You can visit the lively fish market, where you can see the catch of the day and sample some local seafood. You can also enjoy the beaches, such as the Plage de Nouakchott, where you can relax or surf. Nouakchott also has some cultural attractions, such as the Saudi mosque and the Centre culturel francais St Exupery.

3. Banc d’Arguin National Park:

Best places to visit in Mauritania - Banc d’Arguin National Park

This national park is a haven for wildlife, especially birds. It covers a large area of the coast and the offshore islands, where millions of migratory birds stop over every year. You can see flamingos, pelicans, terns, and more, as well as dolphins, turtles, and seals. The park is also home to the Imraguen people, who have a unique fishing culture that relies on cooperation with dolphins.

4. Terjit Oasis:

Terjit Oasis

This oasis is a refreshing spot in the middle of the desert, where you can enjoy the natural pools and palm trees. It is located near the town of Atar, which is a popular base for exploring the Adrar region. You can also visit the nearby Monolith of Ben Amera, which is one of the largest single rocks in the world.

Top 25 Tourist attraction centers in Mauritania in 2024

Here is a list of 25 top Tourist attraction centers in Mauritania in 2024:

  1. Port de Pêche
  2. Plage de Nouakchott
  3. Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata
  4. Terjit Oasis
  5. Monolith of Ben Amera
  6. Bibliotheque Habott
  7. Mauritania Sahara
  8. Galerie Zeinart
  9. Banc d’Arguin National Park
  10. Saudi mosque
  11. Chinguetti Mosque
  12. Centre culturel francais St Exupery
  13. Nouadhibou
  14. Parc National du Diawling
  15. Adrar Plateau
  16. Richat Structure
  17. Parc National d’Arguin
  18. Fort Saganne
  19. National Museum of Mauritania
  20. Marche Capitale
  21. Mosque Ould Mbouja
  22. Mosque of Saudi Arabia
  23. Mosque of Ibn Abbas
  24. Mosque of Lem
  25. Dar Naim Mosque

What are the best things to do in Mauritania in 2024?

Here are some of the best things to do:

  1. Chinguetti and Oualata: Explore ancient cities with unique architecture, history, and culture.
  2. Adrar Plateau: Trek through this stunning plateau, home to dramatic landscapes, canyons, and ancient rock art.
  3. Banc d’Arguin National Park: Discover diverse wildlife, including migratory birds, in this UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  4. Nouakchott: Experience the capital city’s markets, National Museum, and the lively fishing port.
  5. Sahara Desert Excursions: Arrange camel treks, camp in the desert, and witness breathtaking sunsets and starry nights.
  6. Terjit Oasis: Visit this serene oasis with natural pools surrounded by date palms and cliffs.
  7. Local Markets: Explore colorful markets like Nouakchott Market for traditional crafts, textiles, and spices.
  8. Beaches: Relax on the beaches along the Atlantic coast, such as Plage de Nouakchott or Cap Blanc.
  9. Cultural Immersion: Engage with nomadic communities, learn about their lifestyles, and experience traditional music and dance.
  10. Kite Surfing and Water Sports: Try kite surfing or other water activities along the coastline for some adventure.

How to travel to Mauritania safely and cheaply?

Traveling to Mauritania safely and economically involves planning, being aware of your surroundings, and seeking cost-effective options. Here are some tips:

  1. Plan Ahead: Research routes, transportation, and accommodations.
  2. Choose Safe Transportation: Fly into Nouakchott and use reputable services.
  3. Travel in Groups: Join tours or travel with companions for cost-sharing and safety.
  4. Budget Accommodations: Look for hostels or local lodges and book early.
  5. Eat Local: Try affordable local eateries and markets for meals.
  6. Stay Informed: Know the current situation and travel advisories.
  7. Bargain Wisely: Negotiate respectfully for better prices.
  8. Respect Local Laws: Follow customs and laws to avoid extra expenses.
  9. Consider Insurance: Get travel insurance for emergencies.
  10. Stay Flexible: Embrace changes for potentially cheaper options.

Remember, safety should always be a priority, even when aiming for cost-effective travel.

What are the cultural and natural attractions of Mauritania?

Mauritania boasts a rich blend of cultural and natural attractions.

Cultural Attractions:

  1. Ancient Cities: Chinguetti and Oualata are UNESCO World Heritage Sites known for their historic architecture, libraries, and ancient mosques.
  2. Nomadic Culture: Engage with nomadic communities to experience their unique lifestyle, traditions, and hospitality.
  3. Local Markets: Explore bustling markets like Nouakchott Market, offering vibrant displays of crafts, textiles, spices, and traditional goods.
  4. Music and Dance: Immerse yourself in traditional Mauritanian music and dance performances, reflecting the country’s diverse cultural heritage.

Natural Attractions:

  1. Sahara Desert: The vast Sahara offers unparalleled experiences like camel treks, camping under starry skies, and exploring sand dunes like those in the Adrar region.
  2. Banc d’Arguin National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this park is a haven for migratory birds, seals, and diverse marine life along the coast.
  3. Terjit Oasis: A picturesque oasis with natural pools nestled among cliffs and palm trees, providing a serene escape.
  4. Adrar Plateau: A stunning landscape featuring canyons, ancient rock art, and geological formations perfect for trekking and exploration.

These attractions showcase Mauritania’s cultural diversity, historical significance, and breathtaking natural beauty, offering travelers a unique and immersive experience.

How to plan a trip to the Sahara desert in Mauritania?

Arranging a journey to Mauritania’s Sahara desert may be an incredible experience! Here’s a helpful step-by-step guide:

1. Research and Itinerary Planning:

  • Learn about the best time to visit (usually between November and February when temperatures are milder).
  • Decide on the duration of your trip and the areas of the Sahara you want to explore.

2. Visa and Documentation:

  • Check visa requirements for Mauritania and ensure your passport has enough validity.
  • Obtain necessary permits or permissions for desert excursions if required.

3. Transportation:

  • Fly into Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania, which is the gateway to the Sahara.
  • Arrange transport to the desert; consider hiring a local guide or joining a tour group for safety and guidance.

4. Accommodation:

  • There are various camps and lodges around the desert for accommodation. Research and book in advance, especially during peak seasons.

5. Packing Essentials:

  • Pack light, but include essentials like sunscreen, hats, sunglasses, lightweight and breathable clothing, sturdy shoes, a first-aid kit, plenty of water, and a reliable map or GPS device.

6. Safety Measures:

  • The desert can be harsh; ensure you have a reliable means of communication, and inform someone about your itinerary.
  • Follow safety guidelines provided by your guide or tour company.

7. Activities and Sightseeing:

  • Enjoy camel treks, dune hikes, and stargazing in the vast expanse of the Sahara.
  • Visit iconic sites like the dunes of Chinguetti, the ancient city of Oualata, or the Terjit Oasis.

8. Cultural Considerations:

  • Respect local customs and traditions. Dress modestly and be sensitive to cultural differences.

9. Environmental Responsibility:

  • Practice Leave No Trace principles to minimize your impact on the fragile desert ecosystem.

10. Health Precautions:

  • Get necessary vaccinations and carry any medications you might need. Be cautious about dehydration and heatstroke in the desert climate.

What are the visa requirements and travel advisories for Mauritania?

Here are general guidelines for visa requirements and travel advisories for Mauritania:

Visa Requirements:

  • Most visitors to Mauritania need a visa to enter the country.
  • You typically need to obtain a visa in advance from a Mauritanian embassy or consulate in your home country.
  • Visas are usually issued for tourism, business, or transit purposes.
  • Requirements might include a passport valid for at least six months beyond the intended stay, a completed application form, passport-sized photos, a copy of your itinerary, proof of accommodation, and a return ticket.

Travel Advisories:

  • Travel advisories for Mauritania can vary based on the political situation, security concerns, and health alerts.
  • Visitors are advised to be cautious, especially in border areas and regions known for security risks.
  • Travelers should stay updated on the latest travel advisories issued by their home country’s government before planning a trip to Mauritania.
  • It’s recommended to register with your country’s embassy or consulate upon arrival in Mauritania to receive updated travel alerts and information.

How to experience the nomadic lifestyle and camel caravan

Experiencing the nomadic lifestyle and a camel caravan can be an enriching adventure! Here’s a guide on how to do it:

1. Research Nomadic Communities:

  • Research regions where nomadic communities still exist. Countries like Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, and others have nomadic populations.

2. Connect with Nomadic Tours or Guides:

  • Find tour operators or guides specializing in nomadic experiences. They can organize trips that allow you to live with nomadic tribes.

3. Learn About Nomadic Culture:

  • Understand the customs, traditions, and lifestyle of the nomadic group you’ll be visiting. Respect for their culture is crucial.

4. Prepare Physically and Mentally:

  • Nomadic life often involves physical challenges. Prepare for weather extremes, long walks, and basic living conditions.

5. Join a Camel Caravan:

  • Seek out tours or experiences that involve camel caravans. These could range from short rides to multi-day treks.

6. Pack Accordingly:

  • Pack essentials for desert living: sunscreen, hats, sunglasses, comfortable and modest clothing, sturdy shoes, a sleeping bag, and a water supply.

7. Immerse Yourself:

  • Live alongside nomadic families, participate in daily activities, learn their customs, help with tasks, and engage with their way of life.

8. Respect Local Customs:

  • Respect their culture, traditions, and beliefs. Be open-minded, courteous, and willing to learn.

9. Enjoy the Experience:

  • Embrace the simplicity and serenity of nomadic life. Enjoy the vast landscapes, starry nights, storytelling, and the camaraderie within the caravan.

10. Take Pictures Responsibly:

  • Always ask for permission before taking photos. Respect their privacy and culture regarding photography.

Keep in mind that traveling in a camel caravan and experiencing the nomadic lifestyle is about more than simply seeing new sites; it’s about connecting with a distinctive way of life. It’s a chance to discover, honor, and value the diversity of nomadic cultures.

What is Mauritania best known for?

Mauritania is known for its vast Sahara Desert landscapes, especially the stunning dunes of the Erg Chebbi and the dramatic beauty of the Adrar Plateau. The country also has a rich nomadic culture, deeply rooted in traditions, with some communities still maintaining a traditional way of life.

Does Mauritania have tourism?

In terms of tourism, Mauritania does have some tourism, largely centered around its desert attractions, historical sites like the ancient city of Chinguetti, and natural wonders such as the Banc d’Arguin National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its diverse birdlife and unique ecosystems.

Why should I go to Mauritania?

If you’re considering visiting Mauritania, it offers a unique opportunity to experience a part of the Sahara Desert that’s less commercialized compared to some other North African countries. You can engage with nomadic communities, explore ancient caravan routes, experience desert camping under the stars, and witness some breathtaking natural landscapes. However, it’s essential to note that travel in Mauritania requires adequate preparation due to its remote locations and the challenges of desert travel.

What language is spoken in Mauritania?

In Mauritania, the official language is Arabic, and the national languages also include French and various local dialects like Hassaniya Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof, among others.

What is beauty in Mauritania?

Beauty in Mauritania is often found in its vast desert landscapes, including the stunning sand dunes, rocky plateaus, and the unique nomadic culture. The traditional attire, intricate craftsmanship, and the hospitality of the Mauritanian people also contribute to the country’s beauty.

What do people in Mauritania do?

The people in Mauritania engage in various activities depending on their lifestyles. Nomadic communities often herd livestock, primarily camels, goats, and sheep. Others in urban areas work in sectors such as fishing, agriculture, trade, and some in government or administrative roles.

When should I go to Mauritania?

The best time to visit Mauritania is during the cooler months, between November and February, when temperatures are more bearable for exploring the desert and outdoor activities. During this time, the weather is generally milder, especially in the desert regions, making it more comfortable for travel and exploration.


Is Mauritania English speaking?

While English isn’t the primary language spoken in Mauritania, some people in urban areas, especially those involved in tourism, might have some proficiency in English. However, the main languages spoken in Mauritania are Arabic, French, and various local dialects. It’s advisable to learn a few basic phrases in French or Arabic to facilitate communication during your visit.

Explore the top tourist attraction centers and best places to visit in Mauritania in 2024. From the ancient wonders of Chinguetti Mosque to the natural beauty of Banc d’Arguin National Park, discover the must-see destinations awaiting your journey.

Share this guide with fellow travelers, bookmark the site for future explorations, and feel free to leave any comments or questions below. Start planning your next expedition to this remarkable destination, where every corner holds a story waiting to be discovered