Best place to visit in Turkmenistan 2023 – Tourist Attractions Centers

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to visit a country that is rich in history, culture, and natural wonders? A country that has been shaped by ancient empires, nomadic tribes, and modern transformations? A country that offers diverse attractions, from fiery craters and majestic mosques to colorful carpets and delicious cuisine? If you are looking for a unique and unforgettable travel destination, then you should consider Turkmenistan, one of the most fascinating and mysterious countries in Central Asia.

Turkmenistan is a landlocked country that borders Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and the Caspian Sea. It has a population of about six million people, most of whom are ethnic Turkmen and practice Islam. Turkmenistan has a long and complex history, dating back to the Bronze Age, when it was part of the Oxus civilization.

The top tourist destinations in Turkmenistan for 2023, the country’s history and culture, well-known sites, the most well-known landmarks, and much more will all be covered in this post.

Best places to visit in Turkmenistan 2023

Turkmenistan, a fascinating country in Central Asia, offers a range of captivating places to explore in 2023:

  1. Darvaza Gas Crater (Door to Hell): Witness this surreal burning gas crater that has been ablaze for decades. The mesmerizing flames against the night sky create an unforgettable spectacle.
  2. Ancient City of Merv: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Merv is steeped in history. Explore its well-preserved ruins, including the Sultan Sanjar Mausoleum and the impressive Greater and Lesser Kyz Kala.
  3. Ashgabat: The capital city is a marvel of architecture, adorned with gleaming white marble buildings and grand monuments. Notable sights include the Monument of Neutrality and the opulent Independence Monument.
  4. Karakum Desert: Venture into the vastness of the Karakum Desert for a glimpse of breathtaking landscapes and encounters with nomadic communities.
  5. Kow-Ata Underground Lake: Immerse yourself in the unique experience of swimming in the warm, mineral-rich waters of a naturally formed cave, creating unforgettable memories.
  6. Nisa Archaeological Site: Delve into the remnants of the ancient Parthian Empire at this UNESCO site, where you can explore the remains of fortresses and palaces that reflect the region’s rich history.
  7. Yangykala Canyon: This stunning canyon boasts vibrant geological formations and colors, offering an ideal backdrop for photographers and nature enthusiasts.

Turkmenistan’s history and culture

Turkmenistan’s history and culture are deeply rich and diverse, shaped by centuries of influences from various civilizations and traditions.


  • Turkmenistan’s history spans ancient civilizations, Persian empires, Turkic invasions, Russian control, and independence in 1991.


  • Turkmen culture is rooted in nomadic traditions, known for hospitality, carpets, traditional arts, cuisines like plov and shashlik, the Turkmen language, Islam as the main religion, and a blend of ancient and modern influences.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some Frequently Asked Questions:

What are the famous sights in Turkmenistan?

Turkmenistan boasts several famous sights that showcase its rich history and unique architecture. Here are a few:

1. Darvaza Gas Crater (Door to Hell):

This flaming gas crater is a major tourist attraction, a surreal sight created by a natural gas field collapsing into a cavern, ignited to prevent the spread of methane gas.

2. Ancient Merv:

Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Merv was one of the world’s great cities in the ancient Silk Road era. Its well-preserved ruins include the Sultan Sanjar Mausoleum and the Great Kyz Kala fortress.

3. Kunya-Urgench:

Another UNESCO World Heritage Site, this ancient city was a significant center along the Silk Road and contains several well-preserved monuments, including the Kutlug-Timur Minaret and the Turabek Khanum Mausoleum.

4. Nisa Archaeological Site:

This historical site was once the capital of the Parthian Empire and contains the remains of ancient palaces, temples, and fortifications.

What is the most beautiful city in Turkmenistan?

Many consider Mary to be one of the more aesthetically pleasing cities. It has a combination of historical sites, parks, and monuments, and it serves as a gateway to several ancient sites like Merv, contributing to its appeal.

What is Turkmenistan most famous for?

Turkmenistan is most famous for:

  • The Door to Hell (Darvaza Gas Crater): This unique natural phenomenon attracts visitors worldwide with its fiery spectacle.
  • Ancient Silk Road Sites: Turkmenistan was a major hub on the Silk Road, and several historical sites, including Merv and Nisa, offer a glimpse into this important trade route.
  • Akhal-Teke Horses: These graceful horses are a symbol of national pride and are considered one of the most beautiful horse breeds in the world.
  • Carpet Making: Turkmenistan has a rich tradition of carpet-making and is renowned for its intricate designs and vibrant colors.
  • Neutrality: Turkmenistan is a neutral country, and its commitment to neutrality is reflected in its foreign policy and national identity.

These are just a few of the things that make Turkmenistan a unique and fascinating destination.

Why should I visit Turkmenistan?

Turkmenistan offers a unique blend of history, culture, and natural wonders. Its ancient Silk Road cities, like Merv and Kunya-Urgench, are UNESCO World Heritage Sites with stunning archaeological remains. The country’s diverse landscapes include the Karakum Desert and the Caspian Sea coastline. The famous Darvaza Gas Crater, known as the “Door to Hell,” is an otherworldly sight not to be missed. Turkmen’s hospitality and its rich cultural heritage make it an intriguing destination.

What is the main city of Turkmenistan?

The main city and capital of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat. It’s known for its impressive modern architecture, marble buildings, and vast city squares adorned with monuments. Ashgabat serves as the political, cultural, and industrial center of the country.


What is the most famous landmark in Turkmenistan?

One of the most famous landmarks in Turkmenistan is the Darvaza Gas Crater, often called the “Door to Hell.” This flaming crater in the Karakum Desert is a surreal sight, caused by a natural gas field collapse and subsequent ignition. Its eerie flames and fiery glow make it an iconic and unique destination for travelers.

Have you found any benefit in this article? Kindly feel free to ask any questions or leave comments in the box below, as well as to share this post with others.