Top cities in Luxembourg 2023 | best cities here

Luxembourg is a small but fascinating country in the heart of Europe, with a rich history, culture, and natural beauty. Whether you are planning to visit, work, or live in Luxembourg, you may be wondering which cities are the best to explore and experience.

The top cities in Luxembourg in 2023, the top activities in Luxembourg City, the country’s principal business sectors, the advantages and disadvantages of living in Luxembourg as an expat, and much more are all covered in this article.

Our article is aimed at anyone who is interested in learning more about Luxembourg and its cities, whether you are a traveler, an expat, a student, or a curious reader. We hope that by reading this article, you will gain a better understanding of the diversity and charm of Luxembourg and perhaps even discover some new places to visit or live in.

Top cities in Luxembourg in 2023

The top cities in Luxembourg in 2023 are:

  • Luxembourg City, the capital and largest city, with a population of about 132,800 and a vibrant cultural and financial scene.
  • Esch-sur-Alzette, the second-largest city, with a population of about 35,000 and a strong industrial and educational heritage.
  • Differdange, the third-largest city, with a population of about 26,000 and a mix of modern and medieval architecture.
  • Dudelange, the fourth-largest city, with a population of about 20,000 and a reputation for being a cultural and artistic hub.
  • Pétange, the fifth-largest city, with a population of about 18,000 and a close proximity to the borders of France and Belgium.

What are the best things to do in Luxembourg City?

Luxembourg City offers a blend of historical sites, cultural experiences, and natural beauty. Some highlights include:

  1. Old Town (UNESCO World Heritage Site): Explore the ancient fortifications, picturesque streets, and iconic landmarks like the Grand Ducal Palace.
  2. Bock Casemates: Discover the underground tunnels and fortress that played a pivotal role in Luxembourg’s defense.
  3. Adolphe Bridge: Marvel at the architectural beauty of this stunning bridge connecting old and new Luxembourg.
  4. Grund: Wander through this charming district filled with cafes, boutiques, and riverside views.
  5. Mudam (Museum of Modern Art): Experience contemporary art in a striking modern building designed by I.M. Pei.

How to get to Esch-sur-Alzette from Luxembourg City?

You can reach Esch-sur-Alzette from Luxembourg City by train or bus. Trains run frequently between the two cities, providing a convenient and efficient mode of transportation. The journey takes around 20-30 minutes by train.

What is the history and culture of Differdange?

Differdange, known for its steel industry, has a rich history tied to industrialization. The city boasts a mix of old and modern architecture, including the impressive Château de Differdange. Culture thrives through various events, including music festivals, exhibitions, and cultural gatherings, often celebrating the city’s diverse population and heritage.

Where to find the best art galleries and museums in Dudelange?

While Dudelange isn’t as large as Luxembourg City, it has a few notable cultural spots:

  1. Centre Culturel opderschmelz: This cultural center often hosts exhibitions, concerts, and theater performances.
  2. Maison de l’Art et des Artistes: A venue showcasing local and international artists’ works.
  3. Musée de la Résistance: A museum commemorating the resistance movement during World War II, displaying artifacts and stories from that era.

How to cross the border from Pétange to France or Belgium?

Pétange is close to both the French and Belgian borders, making it relatively easy to cross. You can use public transportation like buses or trains, or you can drive across the border. Be sure to have your identification handy as border checks might be in place, although within the Schengen Area, these are generally minimal.

What are the main industries and sectors in Luxembourg?

Luxembourg has a diverse economy, with prominent industries including:

  1. Finance: It’s a leading global financial center with a robust banking sector and investment funds.
  2. Steel: Historically significant, although it has diminished, the steel industry remains a notable sector.
  3. Technology and Innovation: Luxembourg is becoming a hub for technology startups, particularly in fintech, cybersecurity, and space industries.
  4. Logistics and Transportation: Due to its central location in Europe, Luxembourg has a thriving logistics sector.
  5. Healthcare and Biotechnology: With advancements in healthcare and biotech, these sectors are gaining traction.

How to find a job or start a business in Luxembourg?

For job opportunities, online job portals, recruitment agencies, and networking events can be useful. LinkedIn is also widely used for professional networking. Starting a business in Luxembourg involves registration with the Trade and Companies Register (Registre de Commerce et des Sociétés). The country offers various support services for entrepreneurs through organizations like the Chamber of Commerce.

What are the benefits and challenges of living in Luxembourg as an expat?


  1. High Quality of Life: Excellent healthcare, education, safety, and a multilingual environment.
  2. Strong Economy: Plenty of job opportunities, especially in finance and technology sectors.
  3. Cultural Diversity: A melting pot of cultures with a vibrant international community.
  4. Central Location: Easy access to neighboring countries and major European cities.


  1. Cost of Living: Relatively high compared to neighboring countries.
  2. Housing: Finding affordable housing can be challenging due to high demand.
  3. Language: While many speak English, knowledge of French, German, or Luxembourgish might be beneficial.
  4. Integration: Adapting to a new culture and establishing social connections might take time.

Navigating these aspects will depend on individual circumstances, but Luxembourg offers a lot for ex-pats willing to embrace its opportunities and challenges

How to learn Luxembourgish or French?

Learning Luxembourgish or French in Luxembourg can be done through various avenues:

1. Learning Luxembourgish:

  • Language Courses: Several language schools and cultural centers offer Luxembourgish courses for expats and newcomers.
  • Language Apps and Online Resources: Apps like Duolingo, Babbel, or online platforms like iTalki offer Luxembourgish lessons.
  • Language Exchange: Join language exchange groups or find a language partner to practice speaking Luxembourgish.

2. Learning French:

  • Language Schools: Similar to Luxembourgish courses, language schools and institutes provide French classes.
  • Immersion Programs: Consider immersion programs where French is the primary language of instruction.
  • Online Resources and Apps: Use language learning apps, online courses, and resources tailored for learning French.

What are the best schools and universities in Luxembourg?

For schools:

  1. International School of Luxembourg: Known for its diverse, international curriculum.
  2. Athénée de Luxembourg: Offers a range of educational programs including general secondary education.
  3. Lycée Michel Lucius: Provides bilingual education in French and German.

For universities:

  1. University of Luxembourg: Offers a range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in various fields.
  2. Sacred Heart University Luxembourg: Focuses on business-related degrees in collaboration with Sacred Heart University in the U.S.
  3. Lycée Technique des Arts et Métiers: Known for its engineering and technical programs.

These educational institutions are recognized for their quality education and diverse programs, catering to both locals and expatriates seeking education in Luxembourg.


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